Marble is an igneous rock composed mainly of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) and has been subjected to high pressure and heat for a long time. This causes the minerals to crystallize into a hard but brittle material. Marble is a sedimentary rock formed from the accumulation of compressed shells, bones, corals and other marine debris over hundreds of millions of years. Turkish marbles in white, gray, black, beige and various types and colors are processed by being mined from marble quarries in many different regions of Turkey, especially in provinces such as Afyon, Isparta and Mu─čla. Processed marbles are exported to many countries of the world, generally as tiles, blocks, slabs and decorative marble products. Turkish marble is widely preferred in interior and exterior decoration designs and in the manufacture of all kinds of decorative marble products due to its wide color and pattern options.

Types of Marble

The most common types of marble include limestone, travertine, granite, diorite, onyx and marble. Each type of marble has different properties and uses. Limestone is soft, porous and comes in many different colors and shades. It is often used to make building materials such as countertops and floors. Travertine is a calcium-rich marble that resembles limestone. Granite is a dense form of quartz that is harder and stronger than other types of marble. It is generally used on kitchen counters. Diorite is a type of igneous rock formed under extreme conditions. It is very rare to find this type of marble in nature. Onyx consists of various minerals that are easily visible under magnification. These include quartz, feldspar, mica, biotite, hornblende, magnetite, and ilmenite. Marble is a metamorphic rock that was formed millions of years ago. As the name suggests, it is the result of sedimentary rocks turning into solids. Turkish marble companies supply all these marble types extracted from marble quarries in various regions of Turkey.

Marble Types By Density

Marble types are simply categorized into three different groups based on their density. They are called marble types because they are similar to marble in appearance. Each type has its own unique characteristics that make them suitable for certain applications.

  1. Lightweight - These marbles have low densities and are usually used for indoor cultivation due to their light weight.
  2. Medium Density - These marbles are slightly heavier than lightweight marbles but not as heavy as heavy density marbles. They are great for outdoor cultivation due to their ability to withstand high temperatures and moisture levels.
  3. Heavy Density - These marbled are extremely dense and weigh about twice as much as other marbles. This makes them ideal for use in hydroponic systems where water can easily pass through them.

Uses of Marble

Marble is used in many ways in all kinds of building projects. Turkish marbles are widely preferred in applications such as countertops, floors, pools, building entrances, stairs and wall coverings.


Marble is a popular material for kitchen countertops and island because of its durability and beauty. When using it in the kitchen, its surface is easy to clean, making it hygienic. It also provides a nice decorative look to kitchens.


Marble flooring is a great option for those who want something unique in their home. A marble floor can add elegance and sophistication to a room. There are different types of marble flooring, including granite, travertine, limestone, and soapstone. These materials are typically installed in bathrooms, kitchens, foyers and hallways.

Wall Covering

It is common practice to cover walls with polished and decoratively cut marble. Marble-covered walls create a natural decoration appearance with the unique pattern views of marble.

Marble Stair Tread

Marble stair tread is a type of flooring that has been used since ancient times. They are usually built from smooth large stone slabs cut into squares and polished. These floors can be found in many types of buildings, including museums, libraries and schools.

Building Entryway

Entryways are usually located at the front entrance of buildings. It's where people come to your home. It is important that this part of the buildings gives the feeling of a decorative, clean and spacious environment. For this reason, marble is widely used in the entrance ways and decorations of houses, hospitals, hotels and similar places today. The fact that Turkish marble companies provide color and pattern diversity contributes to the achievement of the desired decoration at the building entrances.

Advantages of Using Marble

Marble has been used for centuries because of its beauty appearance and durability. It is a durable type of limestone due to the magnesium carbonate (MgCO3) it contains. It is this mineral structure that makes marble so durable. There are many benefits of using marble in your building projects. Here are just a few:

  1. Marble can absorb sound and heat better than other materials. This makes it ideal for use in areas where noise or vibrations may be present. Marble also helps keep your home cooler, especially if you live in a hot climate.
  2. Marble is a porous stone, meaning it absorbs water easily. This feature helps keep the surrounding area dry, preventing mold and mildew.
  3. Marble is a versatile material that can be cut into any shape or size. This means you can use it to create furniture, floors and even walls.
  4. Marble is extremely durable; it can withstand many years of heavy use without cracking or deteriorating.
  5. Marble is easy to maintain, requires little effort to clean. All you need is soap and warm water.
  6. It comes in different colors, shapes, sizes and patterns. This provides many alternatives in decoration applications.
  7. Marble is resistant to scratches and dents. You can easily move goods around without worrying about damaging the surface of the marble. Your floors will remain intact.

Marble Maintenance

Marble is a very popular material for many different applications. It is often used in kitchens, bathrooms, and other areas where a high-quality look is necessary. In order to keep marble looking beautiful and sparkling, it is important to keep it clean. Marble maintenance is the cleaning and care of your marble countertops and floors. This includes removing stains and spills from surfaces, keeping them clean and looking their best.

The first step in maintaining your marble counters and floors is to remove any dirt that may have accumulated over time. If you notice that your marble has been stained or damaged, then you should take immediate action to prevent further damage. You can use a damp cloth to wipe away dirt, or if necessary, you can use a cleaner specifically designed for marble. After you have cleaned your marble, you need to protect it from future stains and spills. One way to do this is to apply a sealer to your marble surface. A sealer protects your marble from staining and helps keep it looking its best. Some sealers are water-based while others are oil based. There are many different types of sealers out there, but we recommend using a silicone-based sealer. Silicone sealers are easy to work with and they offer excellent protection against spills and stains.

Marble Manufacturing In Turkey

Cutting and polishing marble depends on many factors, including the type of marble used, its thickness, color and texture. All these variables affect the quality of the final product. It must use only high quality tools and materials when cutting and polishing marble. This allows the finished piece to retain its beauty and durability. All these stages in marble production in Turkey continue by making the necessary controls.

Turkish marble companies have been producing for many years for construction and decoration applications. These supplies are usually made by cutting into blocks, slabs, tiles and countertops. Proper export packaging is important in order not to damage the products while transporting the marbles. Wooden cases or pallets are generally used for export packaging. On the other hand, project consultancy services are also provided by Turkish marble companies. This is important in terms of getting the desired efficiency from the marble that needs to be applied for the building project. In addition, marble inspection services are also provided. This is done to check the correct dimensioning of all kinds of marble stones. This includes marble slabs, marble tiles, marble countertops, marble floors and many other types of marble products. Products can be measured at every stage of production.

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